The 2020 Presidential election will determine who is our President for the next four years, but that isn't necessarily the most important thing to happen this year. That's because 2020 is a census year and the fallout from the results of the census will reshape American politics for the next decade, or more likely, much longer.
For those of us who need a quick re-fresher, the census is the decennial count of all people residing in the United States regardless of age, ethnicity, or immigration status. While the Trump Administration did try to add an immigration question to the census for 2020, the Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in 2019 that they were not permitted to at this time. The results of the census will have a profound impact throughout the country - determining everything from the number of Representatives each state will have in the U.S. Congress to the amount of Federal dollars doled out to each state.
The census should be looked at as a marathon and not a sprint. The first part of the "race" (to keep up with the running analogy) is to actually fill out the census. According to the US Census Bureau, "Households will be able to respond to the 2020 Census online, over the phone, or through a paper questionnaire." That is your only Constitutional duty, but you should certainly not take it as the only thing you need to do.
In order to truly make your voice be heard, you will then need to take the next step in the process and vote in the 2020 election (if you are legally able to do so) because that is when the vast majority of states will be selecting their state representatives and senators who will be redrawing congressional districts in each state. While a handful of states have redistricting commissions that redraw the districts, the majority of them have their districts redrawn by the very politicians they just voted in to office. That means that you vote may mean the difference between having a politician you like (or don't like) determining what your next decade might be like.
As if all that weren't enough, add in the fact that modern day computer algorithms can design congressional districts with pinpoint accuracy and 2020 may very well be the year that determines the trajectory not just for your state, but the entire country, for the next decade or more.
So no matter what your political beliefs, no matter if you are a citizen, child, teenager, legal permanent resident, DREAMER, or an undocumented immigrant, be sure to fill out the Census in 2020.